25th febrero 2024 8:02 am

25th febrero 2024 8:02 am

Traditional irrigation system in Almería (Spain) Culture, tradition, and sustainability

Almería is a region located in Southeast Spain, famous for its greenhouses, which produces vegetables for the whole of Europe all over the winter and most of the year. 

The greenhouses are mainly on the coast, but many other crops such as citrus are grown in inland areas. It is amazing to see how there can be so much agricultural production in such a dry area. In fact, Almería is famous for the Western movies filmed there in natural scenarios. Average annual rainfall does not exceed 300 mm per year, being around 200 mm in the Tabernas Desert or less than 115 mm in some areas, such as the Cabo de Gata Natural Park.

Being such a dry region, ingenious irrigation systems have been developed since the time of the earliest settlers. Local growers have learnt to make good use of water.

This article will describe a traditional irrigation system that began with the Romans and was further developed by the Muslim Nazrid (Nazarí) culture from the XIII to XV centuries, and which still survives nowadays.

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